General elections are scheduled to be held in the Democratic Republic of the Congo on 23 December 2018. The elections were originally scheduled to be held on 27 November 2016 to determine a successor to incumbent President Joseph Kabila, but were delayed with a broken promise to hold them by the end of 2017. According to the constitution, the second and final term of President Kabila expired on 20 December 2016.
Incumbent President Kabila is constitutionally unable to participate and a cabinet minister has stated that he will not run.
According to Article 71 of the DRC Constitution, the President of the Democratic Republic of the Congo is elected by plurality vote in one round. Article 72 specifies that the requirements to stand as a candidate for the presidency are being a Congolese citizen and at least thirty tears old.
Article 101 of the Constitution provides the basis for electing a National Assembly. The 500 members of the National Assembly are elected by two methods; 60 are elected from single-member constituencies using first-past-the-post voting, and 440 are elected from 109 multi-member constituencies by open list proportional representation, with seats allocated using the largest remainder method.
Sources and Further Reading:
Congo opposition leader says will return home by June
Congo’s war was bloody. It may be about to start again
What next for the DRC if election goes ahead, as promised?