On 19 July 2019 Prime Minister Ramush Haradinaj resigned after being summoned for questioning by the KSC in The Hague, Netherlands. The constitution requires the President to designate a new candidate to either form a government, or hold new elections in between 30 to 45 days after consultation with political parties or coalitions who hold a majority in the Assembly,
On 2 August 2019, President Hashim Thaçi asked the PANA Coalition to propose a new candidate to form a coalition government. However, other political parties opposed the move.
On 5 August 2019, the Assembly of Kosovo agreed to hold an extraordinary session on 22 August, planning to disband itself so that elections could be scheduled. Subsequently, on 22 August 2019, MPs voted to dissolve parliament, with 89 of the 120 voting in favour, necessitating elections within 30–45 days.
The 120 members of the Assembly are elected by open list proportional representation, with 20 seats reserved for national minorities.
Sources and further reading:
All you need to know about Kosovo’s snap parliamentary elections
Kosovo election: War crimes claims against PM hang over vote